When the heart is beating normally, you don’t usually feel it. It is an automatic event. So when you get palpitations, it can be quite distressing, especially if you don’t know what the cause might be. The sensation of pounding, irregular heartbeats, increased heart rate and a sensation that the heart is fluttering are all different types of palpitations. Learning palpitations causes can help.
Although palpitations more commonly occur during exercise, they can also happen at rest. In this article we will explain heart palpitations causes, especially pertaining to Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome (AFS) and the NeuroEndoMetabolic (NEM) stress response.
Heart Palpitations Causes and the NEM Stress Response
Stress – physical, mental and emotional – is common and the human body is equipped to handle it. The main system involved in handling stress in the body is the neuroendocrine system, specifically the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) hormonal axis.
The adrenal glands secrete the most important anti-stress hormone: cortisol. Cortisol helps regulate blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and metabolism, and helps reduce inflammation.
But with chronic stress, the adrenal glands become dysregulated and their output of cortisol is compromised. In the first stages of AFS, cortisol output is increased, and then in later stages, it is not sufficient. The body is then unable to handle stress.
When stress is severe or prolonged enough it will affect systems that are part of the overall NEM stress response. This the body’s global reaction to stress, so to speak. These systems are the hormonal, metabolic, neuro-affective, cardiotonic, inflammatory and detoxification responses.
The cardiotonic response gets the heart ready and gets more blood flowing to the lungs and blood vessels. Disruptions in the cardiotoxic stress response bring on imbalances in blood pressure, heart palpitations, cardiac arrhythmia, dizziness and shortness of breath.
Common Reasons for Heart Palpitations – Causes
One of the most common heart palpitations causes is exercise. In fact, increased heart rate is the desired outcome of fitness routines as it helps keep the heart fit, helps burn calories, improves stamina and recovery times, lowers cholesterol and strengthens the immune system.
However, excessively vigorous exercise can also adversely affect health. With a balanced approach to exercise, the resting heart rate stays low. With excessive exercise, the resting heart rate becomes high. Cortisol levels also increase to deal with the stress being put on the body and mind.
30 minutes a day of moderate intensity is enough for most people to stay healthy and fit. It is important to make sure your exercise routine is also suitable for your current health condition. For example, if you suffer from AFS, it is advisable to follow a specific type of exercise recommended by your doctor and not self-navigate as inappropriate exercise is a common cause of recovery failure and relapses.
Stress and Anxiety
Sudden and strong emotions can elicit a “fight or flight” reaction in the body with a flooding of adrenaline and norepinephrine that raises heart rate and causes palpitations. Strong fear and panic attacks are known to make the heart pound.
Chronic mental-emotional stress and anxiety can be the root causes of adrenal fatigue. It is therefore important to reduce stress for AFS recovery, reduction of palpitations and overall health.
Remove the cause of stress in your life if possible, and learn to manage stress when faced with situations that are unavoidable. Breathing exercises, meditation, yoga, and therapy are just a few ways that can help you deal with the stress in your life: https://www.drlam.com/articles/adrenal_fatigue.asp
Although there are conflicting studies, caffeine is generally thought to be a common cause of heart palpitations. For those sensitive to caffeine, even one cup of coffee can trigger heart palpitations. For those who are not so sensitive, the cause could be excessive use.
Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system. Nerve impulses can then cause the heart to beat faster or harder.
When you’re tired, caffeine can help prop you up. However, it can also be the cause of the fatigue you are experiencing, or it can just make it worse. Overuse of caffeine can push the body into adrenal fatigue in fact. In later stages of adrenal fatigue, caffeine can cause crashes.
It is therefore advised that you not depend on caffeine for your energy. If you are tired, it is best to rest, eat well and exercise moderately. That way your energy levels come from a place of health.
If you are already dependent on caffeine – while also suffering from adrenal fatigue – don’t stop caffeine abruptly. Begin to heal the adrenals first, and then slowly reduce caffeine intake.
Palpitations that come from caffeine will naturally subside with lower consumption.
Other Stimulants and Substances
Alcohol, nicotine, and drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines can also cause heart palpitations. A study by the American College of Cardiology Foundation shows a link between even moderate alcohol consumption and atrial fibrillation.
Some types of medications also can cause heart palpitations. These include cold and cough medicine containing stimulants, as well as medications for asthma, heart disease, hypertension and thyroid conditions. Diet pills and some types of antibiotics can also be at the root of heart palpitations causes.
With AFS, most stimulants can aggravate symptoms and delay recovery. It is therefore suggested that you consult a medical professional trained in AFS to help you reduce the use of stimulants of all kinds. This should be approached in a way that does not cause sudden crashes or aggravations with which your body is already struggling.
Certain Diets, Herbs, and Supplements
Sometimes, eating high-carb, high-sugar, or high-fat meals can bring on heart palpitations as a secondary reaction to the heartburn they may cause. Also, eating foods that you are allergic or sensitive to can do the same.
Many people with AFS will also have food sensitivities and allergies, so it is advised to get nutritional coaching to eliminate these stressors without compromising energy and health. A food diary might be useful to pinpoint which foods are causing such reactions: Source By.
Certain foods rich in the following ingredients can also cause palpitations:
- Sodium – as with many canned and processed foods
- Tyramine – an amino-acid found in aged cheese, dried fruits and cured meats
- Theobromine – a methylxanthine related to caffeine and found in high levels in cocoa (and chocolate) increases heart rate with higher doses
- Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) – a flavor enhancer that is commonly added to processed and canned foods.